type of fabric

Regenerated fibers and synthetic fibers are collectively referred to as chemical textile fibers.

1. Regenerated fiber: Its chemical composition is the same as that of natural cellulose, but the physical structure has changed, so it is called regenerated cellulose fiber. Such as viscose fiber, acetate fiber, cupro fiber, etc., my country mainly produces viscose fiber. Features: soft and shiny, good hygroscopicity, good air permeability, good dyeing performance (not easy to fade). The disadvantage is that the wet fastness is poor, that is, the water strength becomes lower.

2. Synthetic fiber: polyester, features: good strength and wear resistance, crisp, not easy to deform, has the reputation of no ironing, not easy to fade, so this fabric is especially popular with women’s clothing wholesale enterprises. The disadvantage is poor water absorption. Nylon, features: high strength, good wear resistance, ranking first in the fiber. The disadvantage is that it is not hygroscopic and breathable like polyester. Acrylic fiber, features: better finish than wool and silk fibers. But the wear resistance is poor. In addition, there are vinylon, polypropylene, spandex and so on.

Because chemical fibers have their own characteristics, they are generally blended. For example, adding a certain proportion of natural fibers (wool, cotton, silk, hemp), or blending different chemical fibers, take their own characteristics to obtain excellent fabrics. Polyester is the most widely used synthetic fiber in clothing.

The aging problem of synthetic fibers: For example, the folds of acrylic fabrics are easy to break and wear, and other fiber blends can be added to enhance their performance. Exposure to the sun can also easily cause the aging of synthetic fibers and breakage of fabrics.

What is chemical fiber: refers to the fiber made of natural or artificial polymer materials. The main source is the extract of oil and natural gas.

The elongation of spandex can reach 500%-700%, and the rebound rate is 97%-98%, so it has excellent elasticity. Fur is also called fur, which is a kind of clothing fabric different from leather. The following is a brief introduction: Fur is a high-grade natural secondary clothing fabric made of animal hair through special chemical treatment and technological processing. It has the advantages of lightness, softness and beauty, and is mainly used for cold clothing.

Second, natural fibers: cotton (cotton), hemp, silk (silk), wool four. Woven fabrics are mainly divided into two categories: woven and knitted: 1. Woven fabrics: refers to textiles with warp and weft yarns that are interwoven on a loom according to certain rules. Such as denim fabrics, suit fabrics, shirt fabrics, curtain fabrics, etc. 2. Knitted fabric: refers to the fabric formed by using knitting needles to make yarns into loops, and then threading the loops into each other. Such as general T-shirt fabrics, sweaters, etc. 3. Non-woven fabrics: refers to textile fabrics made of textile fibers through bonding, fusion, or other chemical or mechanical methods. Such as medical gloves, masks, patient sheets, sanitary napkins, diapers, synthetic leather. From the above classification, we can know that we usually wear woven garments, and non-woven garments are generally used in medicine, home decoration (carpets, shopping bags, wall coverings, etc.), industrial fabrics, civil engineering, agriculture and gardening.

There are many classification methods of cotton fabrics, which are generally divided into the following categories according to the characteristics of textile production and commercial sales habits:

1. Classification by printing and dyeing

Can be divided into: natural color cotton cloth (also known as primary color cotton cloth); dyed cotton cloth (also known as monochrome cloth, variegated cloth, colored cloth);

2. Classification by fabric organization

According to the different organization of cotton fabric, it is generally divided into: plain cotton, twill cotton, satin cotton and other tissue cotton.

3. Classification by spinning process

Can be divided into: combed cotton and carded cotton.

4. Sort by special function or special finishing

Can be divided into: ordinary cotton and special function, special finishing cotton.

The main varieties of cotton fabrics: plain cloth; fine spun; poplin; hemp yarn; twill.